Consonant Digraphs Worksheets

All About These 15 Worksheets

These worksheets introduce students to consonant digraphs, which are two consonant letters that represent a single sound. Consonant digraphs are often found in the beginning, middle or end of words. Examples of consonant digraphs include “ch” as in “chair,” “sh” as in “ship,” and “th” as in “thing.”

These worksheets feature various activities, such as matching, sorting, or writing exercises, that focus on the sounds of the consonants and how they combine to form digraphs.

What Are Consonant Digraphs?

Consonant digraphs are pairs of consonants that represent a single sound, or phoneme, when combined. In contrast to consonant blends, where each consonant retains its distinct sound, consonant digraphs produce a unique sound that is different from the individual consonants’ sounds. These digraphs can appear at the beginning, middle, or end of words.

Some common consonant digraphs in English include:

  • “ch” as in chair, cheese, and school (pronounced as /t ʃ/)/li>
  • “sh” as in ship, fish, and wish (pronounced as /ʃ/)
  • “th” as in thin, bath, and path (voiceless, pronounced as /Θ/)
  • or in the, this, and mother (voiced, pronounced as /ʃ/)
  • “wh” as in whale, wheel, and when (pronounced as /w/ or /M/ in some dialects)
  • “ph” as in phone, graph, and dolphin (pronounced as /f/)

Understanding consonant digraphs is important for language learning, reading, and pronunciation, as it helps learners recognize and decode the unique sounds they represent. This knowledge can improve reading fluency, comprehension, vocabulary, and overall language skills.

Why Are Consonant Digraphs An Important Part of Phonics?

Vocabulary Expansion

Learning about consonant digraphs can greatly expand a student’s potential vocabulary. This is because digraphs can create sounds that do not exist with solitary consonants. For example, the ‘th’ in “the”, ‘sh’ in “ship”, ‘ch’ in “cheese”, and ‘ph’ in “phone” all have unique sounds.

Reading Fluency and Spelling

Understanding consonant digraphs can help students read more fluently. If a student tries to pronounce each letter individually, they might struggle with the flow of words. Knowing that certain letters combined create a specific sound can enhance their reading speed and comprehension.

Learning consonant digraphs also aids in spelling. English spelling can often be counterintuitive, but understanding that certain sounds are represented by letter combinations can help students predict the spelling of words more accurately.

Complexity of English Phonemes

Many English words come from other languages that use combinations of consonants in ways that English does not. By understanding consonant digraphs, students can more easily understand and pronounce these borrowed words.

The English language has more phonemes (distinct units of sound) than there are single letters in the alphabet. To accurately represent all of these sounds, we need to use combinations of letters. Consonant digraphs are one way that English deals with this issue.

Overall, this collection of Consonant Digraphs worksheets is an invaluable resource that equips educators to guide their students toward phonics excellence. By engaging with these worksheets, students not only develop a strong foundation in consonant digraphs but also set the stage for successful reading, spelling, and overall literacy. This collection empowers educators to nurture young learners on their journey to becoming confident and proficient readers and communicators.