Missing Subtrahends Worksheets

About These 15 Worksheets

These slightly advanced worksheets were created to help students practice subtraction skills by finding the missing number in a subtraction equation. To understand these worksheets, it’s important to have a basic understanding of subtraction.

Subtraction is a mathematical operation that involves taking away one number from another to find the difference or result. For example, in the equation 8 – 3 = ?, the number 3 is subtracted from 8, resulting in a missing number that we need to find.

These worksheets focus on these types of subtraction equations, where one of the numbers is missing. The goal is to determine the value of the missing number by applying subtraction principles and problem-solving strategies.

Each of the sheets will present subtraction equations in different formats. For instance, you might see equations like ? – 5 = 9 or 12 – ? = 6. The missing number, known as the subtrahend, is represented by a question mark or a blank space. Your task is to figure out what number should replace the question mark to make the equation correct.

To solve these worksheets effectively, there are a few steps you can follow:

Step 1) Identify the known numbers – Look for the numbers that are given in the equation. In the example ? – 5 = 9, you know that the difference is 9 and one of the numbers being subtracted is 5.

Step 2) Determine the missing number – To find the missing subtrahend, you need to think about what number, when subtracted from the other known number, would result in the given difference. In this case, you would subtract 5 from the missing number and get 9. So, the missing subtrahend is 14.

Step 3) Check your answer – After finding the missing subtrahend, you should verify your solution by substituting it back into the original equation. In this example, replace the question mark with 14 and perform the subtraction – 14 – 5 = 9. If the equation is correct, the difference should match the given value.

These worksheets are valuable for practicing subtraction skills, enhancing mental math abilities, and strengthening problem-solving techniques. By engaging with these worksheets, you can sharpen your deductive reasoning and critical thinking skills, as well as reinforce your understanding of subtraction concepts.

It’s important to remember that practice is key to mastering any skill. By regularly working on this skill, you will gradually become more comfortable and proficient in solving missing subtrahend equations. Don’t be discouraged if you encounter difficulties at first; with time and practice, you’ll improve your ability to solve these types of problems.

To make the most of these worksheets, it can be helpful to review subtraction principles, such as the subtraction algorithm and the concept of borrowing/regrouping when subtracting multi-digit numbers. Additionally, exploring real-life examples where subtraction is applied, such as calculating change or solving word problems, can help you see the practical significance of these skills.

What Are Different Terms In Subtraction?

Understanding these terms is important for comprehending subtraction equations and performing calculations accurately. Here are the key terms used in subtraction:

Minuend – The minuend is the number from which another number is being subtracted. It is the larger number in a subtraction equation. For example, in the equation 10 – 3 = 7, the minuend is 10. Finding this value is the goal of all of the worksheets that are found above.

Subtrahend – The subtrahend is the number that is subtracted from the minuend. It is the smaller number in a subtraction equation. In the example above, the subtrahend is 3.

Difference – The difference is the result or answer obtained when one number is subtracted from another. It represents the distance or gap between the minuend and the subtrahend. In the equation 10 – 3 = 7, the difference is 7.

Putting it all together the parts of subtraction look like this:

10 3 = 7
Minuend Operation Subtrahend Equals Difference